Get free ads on the Yellow Pages

Kosovo

General Information

Serbs migrated to the territories of modern Kosovo in the 7th century but did not fully incorporate them into the Serbian realm until the early 13th century. The Serbian defeat at the Battle of Kosovo in 1389 led to five centuries of Ottoman rule during which large numbers of Turks and Albanians moved to Kosovo. By the end of the 19th century, Albanians replaced the Serbs as the dominant ethnic group in Kosovo. Serbia reacquired control over Kosovo from the Ottoman Empire during the First Balkan War (1912). After World War II (1945), the government of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia led by Josip TITO reorganized Kosovo as an autonomous province within the constituent republic of Serbia.

Over the next four decades, Kosovo Albanians lobbied for greater autonomy, and Kosovo was granted the status almost equal to that of a republic in the 1974 Yugoslav Constitution. Despite the legislative concessions, Albanian nationalism increased in the 1980s leading to nationalist riots and calls for Kosovo's independence. Serbs in Kosovo complained of mistreatment and Serb nationalist leaders, such as Slobodan MILOSEVIC, exploited those charges to win support among Serbian voters many of whom viewed Kosovo as their cultural heartland. Under MILOSEVIC's leadership, Serbia instituted a new constitution in 1989 that drastically curtailed Kosovo's autonomy. Kosovo Albanian leaders responded in 1991 by organizing a referendum that declared Kosovo independent from Serbia.

The MILOSEVIC regime carried out repressive measures against the Albanians in the early 1990s as the unofficial government of Kosovo, led by Ibrahim RUGOVA, tried to use passive resistance to gain international assistance and recognition of its demands for independence. In 1995, Albanians dissatisfied with RUGOVA's nonviolent strategy created the Kosovo Liberation Army and launched an insurgency. In 1998, MILOSEVIC authorized a counterinsurgency campaign that resulted in massacres and massive expulsions of ethnic Albanians by Serbian military, police, and paramilitary forces. The international community tried to resolve the conflict peacefully, but MILOSEVIC rejected the proposed international settlement - the Rambouillet Accords - leading to a three-month NATO bombing of Serbia beginning in March 1999, which forced Serbia to withdraw its military and police forces from Kosovo in June 1999.

UN Security Council Resolution 1244 (1999) placed Kosovo under a transitional administration, the UN Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo (UNMIK), pending a determination of Kosovo's future status. Under the resolution, Serbia's territorial integrity was protected, but it was UNMIK that assumed responsibility for governing Kosovo. In 2001, UNMIK promulgated a Constitutional Framework, which established Kosovo's Provisional Institutions of Self-Government (PISG). In succeeding years UNMIK increasingly devolved responsibilities to the PISG. A UN-led process began in late 2005 to determine Kosovo's future status. Negotiations held intermittently between 2006 and 2007 on issues related to decentralization, religious heritage, and minority rights failed to yield a resolution between Serbia's willingness to grant a high degree of autonomy and the Albanians' call for full independence for Kosovo. On 17 February 2008, the Kosovo Assembly declared its independence from Serbia.

Municipalities

30 municipalities (komunat, singular - komuna in Albanian; opstine, singular - opstina in Serbian); Decan (Decani), Dragash (Dragas), Ferizaj (Urosevac), Fushe Kosove (Kosovo Polje), Gjakove (Dakovica), Gllogoc/Drenas (Glogovac), Gjilan (Gnjilane), Istog (Istok), Kacanik, Kamenice/Dardana (Kamenica), Kline (Klina), Leposaviq (Leposavic), Lipjan (Lipljan), Malisheve (Malisevo), Mitrovice (Mitrovica), Novoberde (Novo Brdo), Obiliq (Obilic), Peje (Pec), Podujeve (Podujevo), Prishtine (Pristina), Prizren, Rahovec (Orahovac), Shtime (Stimlje), Shterpce (Strpce), Skenderaj (Srbica), Suhareke (Suva Reka), Viti (Vitina), Vushtrri (Vucitrn), Zubin Potok, Zvecan.


Help building a better world  A   Afghanistan  Akrotiri  Albania  Algeria  American Samoa  American Virgin Islands  Andorra  Angola  Anguilla  Antarctica  Antigua and Barbuda  Argentina  Armenia  Aruba  Ashmore and Cartier Islands  Atlantic Ocean  Australia  Austria  Azerbaijan    B   Bahamas  Bahrain  Baker Island  Bangladesh  Barbados  Belarus  Belgium  Belize  Benin  Bermuda  Bhutan  Bolivia  Bosnia-Herzegovina  Botswana  Bouvet Island  Brazil  British Virgin Islands  Brunei Darussalam  Bulgaria  Burkina Faso  Burma  Burundi     C   Cambodia  Cameroon  Canada  Cape Verde  Cayman Island s  Central African Republic  Chad  Chile  China  Christmas Island  Clipperton Island  Cocos Keeling Islands  Colombia  Comoros  Congo Democratic Republic  Congo Republic  Cook Islands  Coral Sea Islands  Costa Rica  Croatia  Cuba  Cyprus  Czech Republic     D   Denmark  Dhekelia  Djibouti  Dominica  Dominican Republic     E   Ecuador  Egypt  El Salvador  Equatorial Guinea  Eritrea  Estonia  Ethiopia    F   Faeroe Islands  Falkland Islands  Fiji Island  Finland  France  French Polynesia  French Southern and Antarctic Lands    G   Gabon  Gambia  Gaza Strip  Georgia  Germany  Ghana  Gibraltar  Greece  Greenland  Grenada  Guam  Guatemala  Guernsey  Guinea  Guinea-Bissau  Guyana    H   Haiti  Heard Island and McDonald Islands  Honduras  Hong Kong  Howland Island  Hungary    I    Iceland  India  Indian Ocean  Indian Ocean Territory Brithish  Indonesia  Iraq  Iran  Ireland    Isle of Man  Israel  Italy  Ivory Coast    J   Jamaica  Jan Mayen  Japan  Jarvis Island  Jersey  Johnston Atoll  Jordan  Juan de Nova Island    K   Kazakhstan  Kenya  Kingman Reef  Kiribati-Gilbert Islands  Kosovo  Kuwait  Kyrgyzstan    L   Laos  Latvia  Lebanon  Lesotho  Liberia  Libya  Liechtenstein  Lithuania  Luxembourg    M   Macau  Macedonia  Madagascar  Malawi  Malaysia  Maldives  Mali  Malta  Marshall Islands  Mauritania  Mauritius  Mayotte  Mexico  Micronesia  Midway Islands  Moldova  Monaco  Mongolia  Montenegro  Montserrat  Morocco  Mozambique    N   Namibia  Nauru  Navassa Island  Nepal  Netherlands  Netherlands Antilles  New Caledonia French  New Zealand  Nicaragua  Niger  Nigeria  Niue  Norfolk Island  North Korea  Northern Mariana Islands  Norway    O   Oman    P   Pacific Ocean  Pakistan  Palau  Palmyra Atoll  Panama  Papua New Guinea  Paraguay  Peru  Philippines  Pitcairn Islands  Poland  Portugal  Puerto Rico    Q   Qatar    R  Romania  Russian Federation  Rwanda    S   Saint Barthelemy  Saint Helena  Saint Kitts and Nevis  Saint Lucia  Saint Martin  Saint Pierre and Michelon  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines  Samoa Islands  San Marino  Sao Tome and Principe  Saudi Arabia  Serbia  Senegal  Seychelles  Sierra Leone  Singapore  Slovak Republic  Slovenia  Solomon  Somalia  South Africa  South Georgia Islands  South Korea  South Sandwich Islands  Southern Ocean  Spain  Spratly Islands  Sri Lanka  Sudan  Suriname  Svalbard  Swaziland  Sweden  Switzerland  Syria    T   Taiwan  Tajikistan  Tanzania  Thailand  Timor-Leste  Togo  Tokelau  Tonga  Trinidad and Tobago  Tunisia  Turkey  Turkmenistan  Turks and Caicos  Tuvalu    U   Uganda  Ukraine  United Arab Emirates  United Kingdom  United States of America  Uruguay  Uzbekistan    V   Vanuatu  Vatican City  Venezuela  Vietnam    W   Wake Island  Wallis and Futuna  West Bank  Western Sahara  World    Y   Yemen    Z   Zambia  Zimbabwe